Mt. Kalatungan Range Natural Park
Mt. Kalatungan Range Natural Park (MKaRNP) has an estimated area of 55,692 hectares (ha), of which 24,732.18 has consist of the protected area (PA) while approximately 30,889.25 has make up the buffer zone. The entire park covers Valencia City and the three municipalities of Pangantucan, Talakag, and Maramag, all in Bukidnon province. A total of 21 barangays surround the park.
Mt. Kalatungan’s peak is the fifth highest in the country, with a height of 2,287 meters above sea level (masl). Mt. Kalatungan is sometimes called the “twin” mountain of nearby Mt. Kitanglad, and the two mountain ranges have strong cultural, historical, and biological ties.
MKaRNP was declared as a protected area with a natural park category under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) through Presidential Proclamation No. 305 issued in May 2000.
Mt. Kalatungan: a sacred home of indigenous people, sustainably managed, climate resilient and providing environmental services benefitting the people of Bukidnon and Mindanao.
Mt. Kalatungan PAMB pledges to provide policy and institutional support that will advance good governance in protected area management, harmonization of objectives among different decision-makers, including LGUs and IP communities, and increased stakeholder participation for effective and efficient biodiversity conservation, sustained environmental services and upholding of equitable share of resources in communities.
Mt. Kalatungan is a volcanic mountain range composed of volcanic and pyroclastic rocks, silicic, fine grained andesite domes and dike ridges found along crest and upper slopes. With this geologic characteristics of Mt. Kalatungan, dike ridges of the area are very steep. The park is prone to geologic hazards due to its volcanic features, geographic location and volcanic eruptions. It is susceptible to volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides and erosion. While it has been excluded from active list of volcanoes in the Philippines, PHILVOLCS has not issued any guarantee that will not erupt in the future.
The soil of Mt. Kalatungan Range area is mainly clay due to the extent of fine grained volcanic rocks, various sedimentary derivatives and pyroclatics, except for the soil along the river terraces, which are loamy. Majority of the soil are deep except those that were developed from limestone, ultra basic and on localized areas where rock fragments dominate. Very thick depositions of pyroclastic materials and intense weathering have produced deep profiles even on relatively steep slopes.
In higher elevations the soil has more organic matter due to low temperature. But the soil in general is phosphate deficient although some areas have high potassium content (Bureau of Soils, 1982).
Mt. Kalatungan hosts the significant headwaters of the four major river systems within the CDO River Basin – the Pulangui, Cagayan, Maridugao and Muleta Rivers. With Mt. Kalatungan hosting headwaters providing 35 river systems within the Cagayan de Oro River Basin, it is a major water source to households and industries in Cagayan de Oro City, Bukidnon, North Cotabato, Agusan, Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur and Misamis Oriental Provinces.
Mt. Kalatungan is classified as a natural park due to the Presidential Proclamation passed for it to be included in country’s NIPAS.
Area of primary forest within Mt. Kalatungan is 26,235.48 has. Looking into land cover of ancestral domains of PTA, UMKE and MILALITTRA, primary forest of these three amounts to 74.4% of total primary forest of Mt. Kalatungan. Among the three ancestral domains, PTA has the biggest share of primary forest cover within whole protected area, i.e., 81.6% of total primary forest cover of Mt. Kalatungan.